Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cells are “undifferentiated” cells which can develop into other cell types that are used to repair or replace damaged tissue. Stem cells may obtained from many sources, including bone marrow, fat or from donated stem cells. Using minimally invasive procedures, stem cells can be obtained from the bone marrow or fat from the client. Donated stem cells can be obtained from a purified third party such as cord blood or placental tissues and are considered immune privileged because they rarely evoke an immune response in the human body. Studies have shown that the stem cells may be helpful in treating tissue injuries and healing localized areas of inflammation such as damaged tendons, ligaments, and joints.
Safety and Quality of Stem Cells
Stem cells obtained from the bone marrow or fat are safe because they are from your own body. Donated stem cells are tissue products that are obtained from living, healthy voluntary donors that are pre-rescreened during their pregnancy and selected based on stringent donor safety criteria. These safety criteria include comprehensive medical review, pre-natal testing, and behavioral risk assessment from each donor prior to donation of tissue from which stem cells are recovered. The donated stem cells are then processed in a sterile laboratory, where they are then tested regularly to ensure the highest safety and quality to patients. Using new technology, stem cells can be harvested from tissues that used to be disposed of as medical waste after the babies were born. These new techniques allow tissue products to be processed in accordance with the strictest standards set forth by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and American Association of Tissue Banks (AATB) to obtain purified stem cells without any moral or ethical issues.
With the implantation of any donated human tissue, there is always concern about the possibility of an allergic reaction or transmission of communicable diseases. This risk is reduced by the use of immune privileged tissue, regular testing of stem cell tissue samples, and the confidence that over 150,000 applications have been used in dental, ocular, orthopedic, and wound care procedures without a single adverse event being reported.
The regenerative process begins by injecting the stem cells into the patient’s injured muscle, tendon, or joint to start the healing processes to injured tissues. Proteins, growth factors, and other healing mediators are released by injected stem cells, which stimulate your own stem cells to grow and divide, resulting in healing of tissue, suppression of inflammation, and suppression of immune responses associated with pain. Stem cells have been shown clinically and scientifically to support soft tissue repair, reduce inflammation and minimize scar formation. PRP is often used in combination with stem cell therapy to provide the body with the materials essential to maximize and support the body’s natural regenerative healing processes to injured and damaged tissues.
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy
Platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy utilizes platelets taken from the patient’s own blood to heal damaged tendons or cartilage. This results in PRP not only relieving pain, but also in jump-starting the healing process by directly providing healing mediators to damaged tissue.
Patients have enjoyed great success when receiving this therapy in place of surgery, steroid injections, or injections of hyaluronic acid. This amazing therapy consists of the careful extraction of concentrated platelets and other regenerative factors from your own blood. These cells and regenerative factors are then re-suspended in a small volume your blood plasma and then applied to the treatment site.
The Injection Procedure
The PRP injection procedure is performed in the doctor’s office. The blood is drawn, and then the PRP is prepared by using a special centrifuge to provide the highest concentration and quality of PRP available. The injection site is aseptically cleansed and then locally anesthetized. Using ultrasound guidance, the physician will introduce the PRP into the affected area using a small gauge needle. The physician will then provide post-procedure instructions which will include avoiding NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and rest.
What to Expect
Once the PRP was injected, a collection of concentrated growth factors and other active healing mediators migrate to the injured tissues and a healing cascade occurs, causing active tissue repair. This process goes on for several weeks after just one application. Patients generally have some mild post-procedure discomfort for a few days, and then begin to see improvement in pain and mobility after 4 to 6 weeks, with continued healing and improvement for up to 6 months. Most patients are satisfied with one treatment but it is common to have multiple treatments for larger defects or complicated injuries. Many patients are able to avoid surgery when using these treatment options.
Conditions Treated by Regenerative Medicine
-Osteoarthritis of the Knee, Hip and Shoulder
-Ligament, Cartilage, and Tendon Injuries
-Back and Neck Pain